The previous related article: The Houses of the Horoscope
Before you attempt to place the Planets you should be able to make their symbols, and should know the signs of the Zodiac by heart.
The position of the Planets is given for each day of the year, in the Geocentric Ephemeris. For the first day of each month and a chart to calculate their places for each day, in the Heliocentric Ephemeris. If you are using the Geocentric Ephemeris you should remember that the position of the Planets is given for Greenwich noon; which would correspond to 7 A. M., for New York, or 6 A. M. for Chicago time.
With all the Planets except the Sun, Moon, and Mercury, you can copy them from the Ephemeris directly into the printed chart which you have for the purpose. With the Moon you will have to calculate its place as follows: As the Moon moves about one degree every two hours and its place is given for Greenwich noon, or Chicago for 6 A. M., simply subtract one degree from the place of the Moon for each two hours before 6 A. M. if Chicago time, or add one degree for every two hours after, Chicago time, or the same for Greenwich time. For example: On October 4th, 1900, the Moon is fourteen degrees in Aquarius at 6 A. M. Chicago time or noon Greenwich time. Now suppose you wish to place the Moon for 4 P. M. Chicago time; as this is ten hours later you simply add five degrees to the Moon. or if you wish to be exact, you would subtract the position of the Moon on the 4th of October from the 5th of October, and get its exact motion for that clay, and then divide its motion into hours, and place it accordingly. The Sun and Mercury should be calculated in the same way.
Having placed all the Planets you should notice the aspects, which are as follows:
The conjunction is when two Planets are within seven degrees and approaching. This is considered the strongest aspect there is, and the best one of the good Planets, such as the Moon, and Jupiter, of the Moon and Venus; or is the most evil with evil Planets, such as the Moon and Sun with Saturn. The next strong aspect is the Square, or ninety degrees apart or within seven degrees of it. The Square is always evil with all Planets, although you should remember that an evil aspect of Venus and Jupiter to the Sun or Moon is better than a good aspect of the evil Planets. The next strong aspect is when two Planets are opposite each other or within seven degrees, and is like the Square in effect. The next aspect is the Sextile, and is good with all Planets. The next is the Trine, or 120 degrees apart, or within seven degrees of it, and is good with all Planets.
The parallel aspect is when two Planets are within one degree of the same latitude or declination. It is equal to the conjunction. For example: A Planet ten degrees in Aries and another one ten degrees in Gemini is in exact Sextile; or, if one were ten degrees in any sign and the other ten degrees two signs away it is Sextile. A Planet in Aries ten degrees and another in Cancer ten degrees are in exact square aspect; or, one ten degrees in Aries and another in ten degrees of Leo are in exact trine aipect; or, if one be ten degrees in Aries and the other ten degrees in Libra it is in exact opposition.
Having learned the aspects thoroughly you should then notice or begin to study the effect of each Planet in each house of the horoscope. Planets between the 7th house and ascendant, or in the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th or 12th houses of the horoscope are more powerful than if between the 1st and 7th, or under the ascendant, as it is called; although this is modified by the 4th house, as the 4th and 10th houses are more prominent than any other of the houses, except the 1st. The Planet which is nearest the mid-heaven or cusp of the 10th house is the most powerful in the figure unless a Planet be near the cusp of the 4th house. A little judgment must be used in regard to this. Thus: If Jupiter were in the 8th house and Saturn in the 4th Saturn would be the most powerful.
You should remember that a good aspect between two Planets has a strong signification when the Planets are not in a prominent house.
You should remember that the chart made from the time of birth will show at onse what the person’s life will be, supposing him to live to the age of 50 or 60 years. Of course if the native is to die young the chart will show that. All questions which may come up can be determined at once by looking at the figure at birth without other calculations. There may appear to be conflicting testimonies in the horoscope, but you can always depend that each individual indication will operate some time.
For example: I have seen a number of horoscopes with Jupiter and Uranus in conjunction in the 10th house. Jupiter is very fortunate in this place and Uranus very unfortunate as regards finances. I n every one of these horoscopes the native had been considered wealthy at one time, but every one has lost their wealth.
From Guide to Astrology by Fredrick White
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